Fixed web design is a layout starting with a certain size determined by the web designer. The web designers have set the width, regardless of the page display size of the browser window. A website that uses this type has a wrapper that is fixed-width, and the components in it are either a percentage of the width or fixed in pixels format.
The most important thing is the wrapper settings so that they do not change. This website does not care about the screen resolution of the visitor, they will see the same width as other visitors. Here are some reasons for the pros and cons to consider in designing fixed-based website pages.
- Fixed-width layouts are easier to use and easier to customize in terms of design.
- The width is the same for each browser, reducing the complexity of images, forms, videos, and other content that applies fixed-width.
- There is no need to set a minimum width (min-width) and max-width (max-width), which are not supported by every browser.
- Even if a website is designed to be compatible with the smallest resolution of 800×600, the content will still be wide enough at the larger resolution to be easy to read.
- A fixed-width layout can create excessive white space for users with larger screen resolutions, thereby interfering with proportional spacing, balance, and other design principles.
- Small screen resolutions may require a horizontal scroll bar, depending on the width of the fixed layout.
- Seamless textures, advanced patterns and images are needed to accommodate visitors at a greater resolution.
- They generally have a lower overall score when assessed for utility.